The Arab Spring has extended to Syria, triggering an uprising against the tyrannical regime that has perpetrated all kinds of the injustices against the Syrian people throughout last decades, obliterating security and civil peace in the country. Most of the components of Western Kurdistan actively participated and played an important part in the uprising. Since the withdrawal of Syrian regime forces from most of the regions of Western Kurdistan , which was due in part to the people’s great straggle to oust them, and also to the regime’s exhaustion in its war against the Free Syrian Army and extremist Islamic groups in the big cities like Homs, Aleppo and Damascus .
The peoples in the region have organized themselves within social, cultural and political structures to administrate themselves and run their affairs democratically and peacefully. The regime believed that its downfall or survival depends on seizing the big cities. It is noteworthy that the Western Kurdistan region has become a safe place for refugees and displaced people who have escaped the violence in other areas of the country. However, for the previous year, extremist Salafi groups have attempted to exploit the power vacuum in the region by constantly attacking our cities in Western Kurdistan. Initially, extremist groups forcibly seized a part in the city of SereKaniye (Ras alAyn). Following the seizure, they proceeded to destroy the National Hospital and schools, and also burned numerous temples. Many residents of the city were displaced, and their homes destroyed. The Jihadist groups also seized the grain silos in the area, and sold the supplies and products for profit. We draw attention to the city of SereKaniye as an example, but by no means is the damage caused by these extremist groups limited to that city alone. Another case in point is the massacre that occurred in Tell Aran and Tell Hassel, which was released to the public by leaked videos, were regarded as war crimes against humanity.
The following are names of the extremist and Jihadist armed groups that attacked Western Kurdistan:
1- Jabhat al Nusra
2- Islamic State of Iraq and al Sham (ISIS)
3- battalion of Muhammadiyah state soldier.
4- Brigade of Ahfad al-Rasoul.
5- Brigade of al-Nasser.
6- Battalion of Fathallah.
7- Brigade of “There is no god but Allah”.
8- Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah.
9- Battalion of Ali bin Abi Talib.
10- Battalion of the Shield of al Jazira.
11- Battalion of Markadah.
12- Security Office of the revolution in Raqqa.
13- Battalion of al-Adiyat.
14- Battalion of al- Abrar.
15- Battalion of Shaddadi,
16- Battalion of Ahrar Guerran.
17- Brigade of Jind AL-Haramen.
18- Battalion of the shield of al-Shimal.
20- Aptal Manbej and Jarablos.
21- Battalion of Ahrar al-Tawayif.
22-Battalion of Saren.
23- Battalion of Sunnis.
24- Battalion of Mare’.
25- battalion of Aisha.
26- Battalion of Ahrar al-Sham.
27- Battalion of AhrarAbu Racine.
28- Battalion of Ahrar al-Harb.
29- Brigade of Raqqa rebels.
30- battalion of Osama bin Zaid .
31-battalion of al-Muwahadeen.
32- battalion of Al-Qaria.
33- battalion of the victorious Sect.
34- battalion ofAllahu Akbar.
35- Brigade of al-Zilzal.
36- battalions ofSaraya al-Medina.
37- battalion of Fedayeen al-Thawra.
38- Battalion of martyrs of al-Zahiriya.
39- Battalion ofShaheed Hassan al-Khalaf.
40- one of companies of the brigade of Ibn al-Qiyam.
41- Brigade of al-Umma.
42- Battalion of Shahid Abdulatif ((Abu Khatab)).
43- Revolutionary Military Council in Raqqa province.
44- Battalion of Ahrar al-Shaddadi .
45- battalion of Anwar al-Haq.
46- Battalion of Ahrar Abdul al-Azizmountains.
47- Battalion of Azadi: belongs to the party of Azad (PAK).
48- The Islamic group of Gourbaa al Sham.
As a result of the alarming situation summarized above, the components of Western Kurdistan began holding meetings to find a solution to the continuing lack of security in the region. The gathering and meetings, which occurred over a period of 6 months, resulted in a conference that was held on 12 November, with the attendance of 86 delegates, representing 35 different parties and civic and social organizations. The gathering was composed of delegates from Kurdish, Arab, Assyrian and Syriac communities. Thus, the Constitutive General Council of The Joint Interim Administration was declared. The following are the names of the political parties andorganisations that took a part in the founding meeting:
1 – Syriac Union Party.
2 – Syriac Youth Union.
3 – Syriac Cultural Association.
4- Syriac Women’s Union.
5- Syriac Academics Union.
6- National Coordination Committee .
7- Syrian National Bloc.
8- Arabic National Commission.
9- Communist Labor Party.
10- Kurdish Leftist Party.
11- Kurdistan Democratic Party.
12- Kurdish Democratic Left Party .
13- Kurdish National Democratic Gathering in Syria.
14- Kurdish Peace Democratic Party.
15- Kurdistan Liberal Union .
16- Kurdish Syrian Democratic Party.
17- The Star Union .
18- Syrian Women ‘s Initiative.
19- Human Rights Activists of Western Kurdistan.
20- Civil Peace Committee .
21- Democratic Union Party (PYD).
22- Shoresh Organization of Women.
23- Management of the Diplomatic Relations of Western Kurdistan.
24- People’s Council of Western Kurdistan.
25- Kurdistan Democratic Party in Syria.
26- Organization of the State for the Society and Citizenship.
27- Sarah Organization for the Elimination of ViolenceAgainst Women.
28- Syria’s Future Youth Gathering.
29- Communist Party of Kurdistan.
30- Movement of Democratic Society.
31- Supreme Kurdish Council.
32- Center of the Strategic Studies.
33- Kurdish StudentsKonfedrassion.
34- Revolutionary Youth Movement.
35- Young Woman Revolutionary Movement.
By the second meeting of the delegates on 15 November, a body was formed, consisting of 60 members, representing the three regions of Jazira, Afrin and Kobane, to follow up and full fill this project. The function of this body is to form committees to prepare the following:
1-Drafting the joint interim administration’s constitution.
2- Commitment on the comprehensive social convention.
3- Electoral system.
To conclude our statement, we insure that the formation of the Interim Administration in Western Kurdistan region does not carry any separatist intentions. Its aim is to send a message of peace to the entire region, and it stems from the cooperation of the community, which will underline security and peace. We consider the Interim Administration as a democratic and pluralistic model that will be the nucleus of solution and the best method of administration for all of Syria.
Executive Committee of the Democratic Union Party( PYD ) 2013-11-16